The foundation of modern Israel comprised an agriculturally based pioneer movement which successfully overcame harsh environmental conditions by hard work and sheer ingenuity. To make the most of meagre water resources, the pioneers established a culturally embedded cooperation between farmers in the fields and scientists in the laboratories, implementing revolutionary approaches such as drip irrigation and waste water recycling for agricultural use. Israelis made the desert bloom and continue to do so, becoming international aggro-technology leaders and helping developing countries learn from their experience. Rural Israel is still true to its pioneering roots. The Kibbutz way of life, founded on socialist ideals more than 100 years ago, continues to maintain its unique communities, where means of production are collectively owned and shared. Families are financially independent in other forms of rural communities – the Moshav and Kfar/village – but the Moshav pools some means of production and marketing. The Yishuv Kehilati is a non-agricultural community, where the level of participation in community life is very high.
Due to Israel’s size, it is possible to live in a rural environment, enjoying small community life, while remaining close to the urban centers, with their employment opportunities and cultural offerings
The kibbutz movement, unique to Israel, was established in 1909 on the basis of socialist egalitarian ideals. Its agricultural origins were gradually combined with industrial production. For many years, life in the kibbutz was completely communal, with property collectively owned, members dining together and children growing up in their own separate accommodation and not with their parents. In recent decades, most kibbutzim made a transition to a less collective and more family based system, while maintaining mutual solidarity and community life. Kibbutzim are also famous for hosting volunteers from around the world, who visit for two to six months, contribute to the community and enjoy a once-in-a-lifetime experience.
While wine-making in Israel can be traced back thousands of years, recent decades have witnessed small, family owned vineyards establishing themselves among the top award-winning boutique wineries in the world.
700,000 people live in rural Israel 305,900 people living in a Moshav 236,600 people living in a Kibbutz 157,500 people living in other rural localities.
Via Ministry Of Foreign Affairs