Photos of bodies at Dachau and Belsen camps are of prisoners who died of typhus and malnutrition.
No one said that these two concentration camps gassed people. Does the fact that instead of gassing they made them starve and die from bad treatment makes the crimes less awful?
Many Germans also died from typhus. The Vatican and Red Cross interviewed thousands of freed camp inmates at the end of the War about alleged gas chambers. The response was always the same, “The detainees themselves have not spoken of them” (Red Cross document No. 9925, June 1946).
No one ever claimed that only Jews were exterminated, however Jews were the only people who were exterminated as a nation.
Regarding the Red Cross claim:
It should be stressed that the powers of the ICRC for help and protection could not be extended to all concentration camps; there were numerous camps and labour detachments of which they had no knowledge, or to which they were denied access until the end of hostilities. [Report Of The International Committee Of The Red Cross On Its Activities During The Second World War (September 1, 1939 – June 30, 1947), vol. 1, p. 625]
Whereas other camps exclusively reserved for Jews were not open to inspections for humanitarian purposes until the end, the Committee’s activities were at least effective in several concentration camps containing a minority proportion of Jews. [ibid., p. 643]
ICRC complained about the lack of an access already during the war, as can be seen from the letter of 21.07.1943 (USHMM, Days of remembrance, April 18-25, 1993…, p. 267):
You will see from the enclosed that it is, unfortunately, extremely difficult for the International Red Cross Committee to help the Jewish population in Germany and the occupied countries. As we have written to you before, the German authorities do not consider the civilians who are arrested in occupied countries, including France, as civilian internees, thereby excluding them from the application (by analogy) of The Geneva Convention regarding Prisoners of War. The International Red Cross Committee’s field of action, unfortunately, does not include this large category, known as “detained civilians”.
Inasmuch as it is impossible for the International Committee to visit the camps where these people are interned, the Committee is not in a position to check on the distribution of relief supplies. For this reason these concentration camps are not included in the category of internment camps to which the Blockade authorities allow relief supplies from overseas to be sent. Furthermore, the International Red Cross Committee does not receive any lists of the names of the Detained Civilians.
Thus, when the Red Cross representative Maurice Rossel tried to visit Auschwitz (Auschwitz I, not Auschwitz II Birkenau where the actual extermination camp was), all he was allowed to do is talk to the commandant for about half an hour. This is described in detail in the very ICRC report which the claim calls “document #9925” and which is, of course, fully distorted in the claim.
The report is dated 29.09.1944 – not “June, 1946“. The report does not contain any results of interrogating detainees after the war. Rather it contains the story of the aforementioned failed visit to Auschwitz. After describing how instead of being allowed to inspect the camp he could only talk to the commandant (who, according to Rossel’s later reminiscences, told him: “No, these are internees, you have no right to see whatever. But if you would like to send help to the infirmary, or medications, you can do that”), the ICRC delegate described a talk which he had had with a British POW in Teschen (Cieszyn, more than 50 km away from Auschwitz):
Spontaneously, the British main man of confidence in Teschen asked us if we knew about the ‘shower room’. It is rumored that there is a very modern shower room in the camp, where the detainees would be gassed in series. The British man of confidence, through his Auschwitz Kommando, tried to obtain confirmation of this fact. It was impossible to prove anything. The protective custody prisoners themselves have not talked about it.
Once again, coming out of Auschwitz we have the impression that the mystery remains well guarded.
Rossel spoke to a British POW far away from Auschwitz who told him about his less than fruitful attempts to establish facts. Another dud. Another denier lie.
Assuming there was an indirect attempt to talk to the inmates on the part of this British POW through his “Auschwitz Kommando” – i.e. a group of British POWs working in a mine in one of Auschwitz subcamps, the reluctance of the inmates to talk about this to the outsiders is easily explained. For example, Fiszel Szpiro (Auschwitz inmate no. 157291), who worked in commando 178 at Monowitz, was flogged 10 times for telling his civilian supervisor that a worker who did not appear for work became a “Muslim” (camp slang for exhausted people near death) and went to the crematorium (see NI-11019; also I. Strzelecka, “Kary i tortury”, p. 282 in Auschwitz 1940-1945. Węzłowe zagadnienia z dziejów obozu, vol. II, 1995; GARF f. 7021, op. 108, d. 33, l. 103). One could imagine a punishment for a more detailed description of the extermination process.
The phrase in a later ICRC letter that “one of our delegates was able to enter this camp” is based on the September report and refers to Rossel entering the commandant’s office, which was a part of the main camp. But, as follows from the report, Rossel was not able to actually inspect even the main camp, much less the actual extermination site in Birkenau.
Bernard Kouchner, co-founder of Médecins sans Frontières, has repeatedly referred to the role that past played in his own work: We didn’t know what was happening in the concentration camps, so we did nothing. The International Red Cross, which was aware of the existence and purpose of the Nazi camps, chose to remain silent. Its explanations for that concealment are unprecedented in their shamefulness. Those who shared that extremely grave secret made no attempt to act.
Rudolf Hoess was the commandant of Auschwitz from 1940 to 1943. When captured by the Soviets they extracted a confession to mass gassings using Zyclon-B gas. Such “confessions” are about as reliable as any forced by Stalin from victims tortured before taking the stand to confess during the Moscow show trials of 1936. The communists wrote the “Confession’ and Hoess signed it. Later he was hanged. An assistant commandant refused to sign—he died in his cell. Hoess’ statement read, “half an hour after having released the gas, they opened the door and started the ventilation machines. They began immediately to extract the bodies while eating and smoking.” Was Hoess trying to get a message across that there were no gassing? Zyklon-B is not “ventable”. The manufacturers state Zyklon-B adheres to surface clothing and skin. They say that only after a 24 hour period, wearing a gas mask with the strongest filter, could any bodies be removed without killing such workers. If we believe the Hoess confession that the workers ran into the gas chamber “eating and smoking”—without gas masks—only minutes after the gassing—ALL WOULD HAVE DIED!
The claim that it is not ventable is only found in deniars websites and do not show any source, I could not find even one source that says it. The manufacture does not say anything about ventalizing the place.
The extermination chambers, were forcibly ventilated. Fifteen minutes were enough to replace the air. When ventilation was not used, the Sonderkommando (prisoners used as forced labor) who took the bodies out had gas masks on.
SS private Hoeblinger: (Langbein)
I was detailed to the transport service and I drove the Sanka [abbreviation for Sanitatskraftwagen/medical truck] which was to carry the prisoners….
Then we drove to the gas chambers. The medical orderlies climbed a ladder, they had gas masks up there, and emptied the cans. I was able to observe the prisoners while they were undressing. It always proceeded quitely and without them suspecting anything. It happened very quickly.
The Nazis who poured Zyklon-B into the gas chambers wore gas masks as a precaution. Filip Müller, a Slovak Jew who arrived at Auschwitz in April 1942, was put to work as an oven stoker in Crema/Gas Chamber 1. Later, he was transferred to Birkenau to work in the crematoria and burning pits. Müller recalled a gassing in Crema/Gas Chamber 1: “When the last one had crossed the threshold, two SS leaders slammed shut the heavy iron-studded door which was fitted with a rubber seal, and bolted it . . . the Unterführers on duty had gone onto the crematorium roof . . . They removed the covers from the six camouflaged openings. There, protected by gas-masks, they poured the green-blue crystals of the deadly gas into the gas chamber.
Now it happens that one of the first written documents that I had the opportunity to read about the gas chambers –it was in Switzerland in 1944, where I was privileged enough to begin my studies in chemistry– was a rather precise description of the gassing process and of the precautions taken after gassing (ventilation, etc.). I believe it useful at this juncture to quote it almost in extenso :
(Pitch Bloch, Ph. D.
Federal Polytechnical School of Zurich)
« At the end of February 1943, at Birkenau, the new gassing installation and its modern crematorium, whose construction had just been completed, were inaugurated…. [There follows a description of the A crematoria and the B preparation hall.]
« From there, a door and a few steps led to the gas chamber, which was narrow and very long, and was situated at a slightly lower level. The walls of the chamber were covered with curtains, producing the illusion of an immense shower room. Three windows opened on the flat roof, and could be hermetically closed from without. Rails ran across the hall leading to the oven chamber.
« Here is how the “operations” took place:
« The unfortunates were brought into Hall B and told that they were to take a shower and that they were to undress in the room in which they were. To persuade them that they were actually being taken to the showers, two men dressed in white gave each of them a piece of soap and a towel. Then they were pushed into the gas chamber. About two thousand persons could fit, but each disposed of no more space than was necessary to remain standing. To get such a mass into the room, there were repeated gun shots in order to force those who’ were already inside to squeeze still closer. When everyone had entered, the heavy door was bolted. There were a few minutes of waiting, probably for the temperature in the chamber to reach a certain degree; then SS guards, wearing gas masks, climbed onto the roof, opened the windows, and threw in the contents of several tin cans: a preparation in powder form. The cans were marked “Zyklon” (insecticide); they were manufactured in Hamburg. The contents were probably a cyanide compound, which turned into a gas at a certain temperature. In three minutes all the inhabitants of the room were killed. Until now, upon reopening the gas chamber, there has never been a single body showing any sign of life, something which, on the contrary, occurred quite frequently at Birkenwald because of the primitive methods used there. The room was thus opened and ventilated, and the Sonderkommando began transporting corpses on flat carts towards ovens, where they were burned. »