Ma’alot was established as a development town for Jewish immigrants from Romania, Iran and Morocco, in 1957.
In 1963, Ma’alot was merged with the larger Arab town Tarshiha
The city is located in the North District in Israel, some 20 kilometres (12 miles) east of Nahariya, about 600 metres (1,969 feet) above sea level.
On May 15th, 1974 a group of 11th graders from Tsfat were on a field trip to the Golan. After hjiking a whole day, the children slept on the floor of a school in Maalot. Three Arab terrorists disguised in Israeli uniforms attacked the school and killed Twenty-two teenagers and three teachers. In addition, three Israeli women, one of them seven months pregnant, one four-year-old child, and two men were killed by the same terrorists in the events before the murder of the school children
Ma’alot-Tarshiha was officially recognized as a city in 1996.
Nearly 700 Katyusha rockets landed in the vicinity of Ma’alot-Tarshiha during the Second Lebanon War. Three Arab residents of the city were killed in a rocket attack.
Census 2017 – 21,267
Jews – 67.8% Arabs – 22% (Muslims,Christians&Druze) Others – 10.2%