Yom Hazikaron laShoah ve-laG’vurah; “Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day” on 27 Nisan (Hebrew Calendar), a date that even before the commemoration of the Holocaust began in the State of Israel, served the Jews who lived in the Land of Israel as a memorial day.
With the aim of establishing a concept of the “fighting Jew”, in contrast to the attitude of the “sheep to slaughter,” which also prevailed after the end of the Holocaust in Europe and throughout the world. Holocaust Remembrance Day was chosen close to the day when the Warsaw Ghetto uprising broke out, the most famous and significant of all the revolts in the ghettos. The uprising itself began on the eve of Passover, but it was not possible to set a national memorial day for the eve of the holiday, and therefore the date of the Memorial Day was moved six days forward and now it is seven days before the Memorial Day for the Fallen Soldiers and Terror Victims.
Every year, Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day is marked by many ceremonies held throughout the country, distinguishing it from the International Holocaust Day (January 27, the anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration and extermination camp).
The main ceremony is a state rally held at Yad Vashem Square at 20:00, attended by the President of the State, the Prime Minister, survivors and their families. The flags are lowered to half mast, and each year another topic is set for Holocaust Day.
At 10:00 AM the next day, a siren is sounded throughout the country, where it is customary to stand to remember and respect the victims.
Places of entertainment are closed on the eve of Holocaust Remembrance Day and television broadcasts only content adapted to this day.
Via Walla News translated from Hebrew