Israel’s southernmost city, a busy port and popular resort at the northern tip of the Red Sea, on the Gulf of Aqaba. The city’s beaches, coral reef, nightlife and desert landscapes make it a popular destination for domestic and international tourism.
Home to 50,724 people, Eilat is part of the Southern Negev Desert, at the southern end of the Arava, adjacent to the Egyptian village of Taba to the south, the Jordanian port city of Aqaba to the east, and within sight of Saudi Arabia to the south-east, across the gulf.
First mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in the Book of Exodus. The 9th–13th stations of the Exodus are in and around Eilat,
Four hundred and forty-four years after the entry of the Israelites into the Promised Land, King David established his kingdom in Jerusalem. The Edomites surprised the south and launched an offense against the Israelites. After a six 6 month the Israelites took over Edom including The city of Eilat,
Thirty-two years after the establishment of the kingdom,King Solomon ascended to the throne of his father. Shlomo devoted all his time and energies to building the Temple, and his palace. Then he turned to the development of the entire country, fortifying the cities and strengthening the economy and security. With the aim of establishing a first port and fleet of ships on the coast , which will serve as an international trading hub, mainly to the eastern countries through the Indian Ocean he built port in Eilat,
When the Kingdom were divided Eilat was a part of Judea Kingdom.
During the reign of Jehoram the Edomes rebelled against the Jewish rule of the Kingdom of Judah and conquered their land, including the city of Eilat, after one hundred and sixty years of the reign of the Davidic kingdom.
The Edomites held the city Sixty-four years until Amatziah king of Judah captured Edom, including Eilat. The war on Eilat was difficult, during which the wall surrounding the city was destroyed. Amatziah son, Uziyahu, became a king at the age of only 16 years. One of his first actions was to rehabilitate the ruins of the city of Eilat, to build and fortify its walls, to develop its economic life and to settle Jewish
After it was under the rule of the Persian, Romans, Byzantines Arabs, Mamluks, Turks and Brits.
The area was designated as part of the Jewish state in the 1947 UN Partition Plan. The abandoned British police post of Umm Al-Rashrash was taken without a fight on March 10, 1949, as part of Operation Uvda. It was formally granted to Israel with the 1949 Armistice Agreements.